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With a vast website to administer, some topics only receive website link treatment.

The Flag of Scotland, also known as the Saint Andrew's Cross or more commonly The Saltire, is the national flag of Scotland.[3] As the national flag, the Saltire differs from the Royal Standard of Scotland in that it is the Saltire which is the correct flag for all individuals and corporate bodies to fly in order to demonstrate both their loyalty and Scottish nationality.[1] It is also, where possible, flown from Scottish Government buildings every day from 8am until sunset, with certain exceptions.[4]

According to legend, the Christian apostle and martyr Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, was crucified on an X-shaped cross at Patras, (Patrae), in Achaea.[5] Use of the familiar iconography of his martyrdom, showing the apostle bound to an X-shaped cross, first appears in the Kingdom of Scotland in 1180, during the reign of William I. This image was again depicted on seals used during the late C13th; including on one particular example used by the Guardians of Scotland, dated 1286.[5] Use of a simplified symbol associated with Saint Andrew which does not depict his image, namely the saltire, or crux decussata, (from the Latin crux, 'cross', and decussis, 'having the shape of the Roman numeral X'), has its origins in the late C14th; it being decreed by the Parliament of Scotland in 1385 that Scottish soldiers wear a white Saint Andrew's Cross on their person, both in front and behind, for the purpose of identification.[2]

The earliest reference to the Saint Andrew's Cross as a flag is to be found in the Vienna Book of Hours, circa 1503, where a white saltire is depicted with a red background.[2] In the case of Scotland, use of a blue background for the Saint Andrew's Cross is said to date from at least the 15th century,[6] with the first certain illustration of a flag depicting such appearing in Sir David Lyndsay of the Mount's Register of Scottish Arms, circa 1542.[7]

The legend surrounding Scotland's association with the Saint Andrew's Cross dates from a C9th battle, where Óengus II led a combined force of Picts and Scots to victory over the Angles, led by Æthelstan.[5] Consisting of a blue background over which is placed a white representation of an X-shaped cross, the Saltire is one of Scotland's most recognisable symbols.[8]


Here's a link to the thistle  http://www.scotlandsource.com/about/ctva2d.htm  ,

another to the sgian dubh  http://www.gaelicthemes.net/?the-history-of-sgian-dubh,25
Courtesy of ... former  times required that when entering the home of a friend or casual acquaintance, no weapons should remain concealed. Some say that when the armpit dagger was removed, the top of the mens hose was a convenient place to display it, securely held by the garter (or flashes). Displaying it thus, showed that the Scot had no dark intentions at the gathering.

and another to the sassenach    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sassenach  

The word "tow-rag" is hurled in abuse by some in Scotland.  I'm convinced it's a corruption of "Tuareg" which people do not deserve.  

Please refrain from heading your email "Tow-rag" for using so much from the internet to explain themes engrained into one's psyche.

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